He couldn’t stop laughing, when he heard I was planning to plunge into the forbidden forests of the Amazon, my friend Andrew rocked with laughter. “I’ll give you three precious tips,” he smirked. “Never put out a fire with your face. Never sit down with a bucket of ants. And finally, don’t ever go skinny dipping in a pool full of piranhas!” Then he just rolled over and roared hysterically.
I was glad he was not coming with me. I was dead serious to fulfill a boyhood dream. At the age of ten, I had been captivated by the story of Percy Fawcett, the British explorer. Fawcett had gone deep into the trackless Amazon jungles and come upon the ruins of a dead stone city. Its massive walls and deserted houses were choked with trailing vines.
Trees grew out of the windows. Except for the chatter of monkeys and choruses of birds, all was ghostly silent. Its guardians were savages who wielded blowpipes with poison darts. On a return voyage, Fawcett vanished.
A similar fate has befallen many others. Once an entire patrol of 1,400 vanished in the jungle without trace. Why did I want to go in? Because it was there. At the age of 34, I organised my first expedition, for the mystery, adventure and excitement of the unknown.
This was to be the first of 25 expeditions into remote, ancient corners of the earth. During some of these, I lived with primitive people – and I mean about as primitive as you can get.
The interesting thing was that these tribes – wherever one might go – have no memory of having come up from something more primitive. Rather they have racial memories that their ancestors were more sophisticated than they are today – that they lived in shining cities, could read books, and so on.
And – surprise? – that all mankind came from some central spot in the Middle East. And so, with their help, plus that of archaeology and other sciences, it has become possible to reconstruct what really happened. But don’t try to bring in a preconceived hypothesis like evolution. It cannot be made to fit the evidence.
OFFSHOOTS OF MAINSTREAM CULTURE
You want the bare truth? Here’s what happened. In the ongoing forced migration from this central point in the Middle East, some family groups were pushed out further by those following. There were bands of scattering families who lost touch with civilised communities. The further they wandered, the more barbaric and debased they became.
And that brings us to an important issue that we need to resolve before going further.
DID MAN BEGIN IN DIFFERENT
LOCATIONS OR JUST ONE?
A fascinating report appeared some years ago in Time magazine. (I think the article was called “Adam’s Genes”.) Anyway, it reported that scientists had dealt a blow to the idea that modern humans simultaneously arose in different parts of the world.
Analysing a gene on the Y chromosome of 38 men from all over the globe, they found no variation – and thus concluded that humanity’s ancestors formed one small, concentrated population.
Earlier studies had reached the same conclusion by looking at a different sort of genetic material in women. The genetic evidence proved that mankind did NOT evolve in different parts of the world.
DID MAN BEGIN IN AFRICA?
Also, you’ve probably heard the theory…
“Man began in Africa. That’s where the oldest remains of man emerging from his ape-like ancestors have been found.”
It’s all cut and dried, we’re told. Africa… Not quite, I’m afraid. For long years, other evolutionists have been just as strongly disputing that idea. And with good reason.
CRADLE OF MANKIND NOT IN AFRICA, THE AMERICAS, EUROPE or EAST ASIA
As far back as 1932, Henry Field wrote:
“It does not seem probable to me that any of these localities could have been the original point from which the earliest men migrated.
“The distances, combined with many geographical barriers, would tend to make a theory of this nature untenable.
“I suggest that an area more or less equidistant from the outer edges of Europe, Asia and Africa, may indeed be the center in which development took place.” (“The Cradle of Homo Sapiens,” American Journal of Archaeology, Oct-Dec., 1932, p.427)
It is true that Field’s assessment was written before the bone finds of Leakey and others in Africa. But fossil discoveries in Africa over recent years have not changed this.
FROM THE MIDDLE EAST
So here is the position. Human beings must have migrated from one common point. And it is hopeless to assume that this point of origin was at the extremities of man’s geographical range. It is much more likely that man came from some point midway… which is western Asia.
In an earlier newsletter we examined some compelling evidence of our origins in the Middle East, and in particular, Turkey. But now we see the same story from global migration patterns! All lines of migration that are in any way still traceable are found to radiate from the Middle East. Along each migratory route, settlements have been found, each slightly different from the one that preceded it or followed it.
Generally, the direction of movement tends to be shown by a gradual loss of cultural artefacts. As several lines radiate from a single centre, there can be traced more or less a series of ever increasing circles of settlement, each sharing fewer and fewer of the original cultural artefacts which are seen at the center.
MORE PRIMITIVE ON THE FRINGES
As we have seen, the cradle of mankind was in Asia Minor (modern Turkey). Any evidence of primitive types elsewhere in the world, whether living or fossil, is evidence, not that man began there, but that man became degraded as he departed from the center.
In marginal areas where individuals or families were pushed by those who followed them, circumstances often combined to degrade them physically and culturally. A series of zones is found globally, in which the most primitive are found furthest from Asia, and most advanced
nearest to Asia.
Professor Griffith Taylor of the University of Toronto, put it this way: “A series of zones is shown to exist in the East Indies and in Australasia which is so arranged that the most primitive are found farthest from Asia, and the most advanced nearest to Asia. This distribution about Asia is shown to be true in the other ‘peninsulas’ (i.e. Africa and Europe, ACC)….
“Which ever region we consider, Africa, Europe, Australia, or America, we find that the major migrations have always been from Asia.” (Environment, Race and Migration, University of Toronto, p.8)
He says further:
“The first point of interest in studying the distribution of the African peoples is that the same rule holds good which we have observed in the Australasian peoples.
“The most primitive groups are found in the regions most distant from Asia, or what comes to the same thing, in the most inaccessible regions….
“Given these conditions, it seems logical to assume that the racial zones can only have resulted from similar peoples spreading out like waves from a common origin.
”This cradle-land should be approximately between the two ‘peninsulas,’ and all indications (including the racial distribution of India) point to a region of maximum evolution not far from Turkestan. ”It is not unlikely that the time factor was similar in the spread of all these peoples.” (Ibid., pp.120,121)
FROM SKYSCRAPER TO “STONE AGE”
So how can one most logically explain the geographical distribution of “primitive” human fossil remains?
These were the marginal representatives of a widespread dispersion of people from a single population established at a point central to them all. As the central population multiplied, it sent forth successive waves of migrants. Each wave drove the previous one further toward the outer edge. Those who were driven into the least hospitable areas, suffered physical degeneration under the conditions they were forced to live.
We find these today as the most degraded fossil specimens, or as the most primitive societies still alive today. And there are extraordinary physical differences among them. Doubtless because they were members of small, isolated, strongly inbred bands.
Yet the cultural similarities which link together even the most widely dispersed of them indicate a common origin for them all.
TIME TAKEN TO MIGRATE
So how long did it take for these folk from the one starting point to disperse to the ends of the earth? From the Middle East “Cradle of Man”, the most distant settlement by land is the very southern tip of South America, 15,000 miles approximately.
How long would such a journey take? It has been estimated that men might have covered the 4,000 miles from Harbin, Manchuria, to Vancouver Island, Canada, in as little as 20 years. (Kenneth Macgowen, Early Man in the New World, p.3 and map on p. 4)
And the rest of the journey southward? Says Alfred Kidder:
“A hunting pattern based primarily on big game could have carried man to southern South America without the necessity at that time of great localized adaptation.
“It could have been effected with relative rapidity, so long as camel, horse, sloth, and elephant were available. All the indications point to the fact that they were.” (Alfred Kidder, Appraisal of Anthropology Today, p. 46)
So, as with everything else, migrations did not require vast aeons of time.
SOME SOCIETIES BECAME PRIMITIVE, OTHERS RETAINED CIVILISATION
Among the family groups which dispersed over the earth, some developed into nations.
In a remarkably short time the Hamitic branch of mankind (the coloured races) had pioneered beachheads of settlement in every part of the world. Some who penetrated wilderness areas did not maintain their civilisation in the new isolated environment, but over generations became more and more savage and depraved.
Many of the dispersing groups were plunged into an “instant stone age” through loss of metal technology (or loss of its easy availability).
With little or no technology when they arrived (but with knowledge they had brought), they used stone or whatever was handy. Top priority was survival. But as time passed and survival was secured, and they had time to sit down and work again with metals, they did so.
NOT DEVELOPMENT, BUT EXPRESSION, OF CULTURE
To a modern archaeologist this might appear as development of culture, whereas it was really just an expression of culture, now that the question of survival had been settled.
So, on the evidence, it is not necessary to assume that men developed over long periods of time. Around the world, men could be at different levels of technology at the same time – just as they are today. And the evidence for that is overwhelming. It is almost amusing to watch how industriously and seriously evolutionists try to discover ape-like features in the remains of such people.
I tell you, there are men alive TODAY whose skulls would qualify as “connecting links between man and his alleged ape-like ancestors”. A theory can certainly have a strong influence upon a man’s judgment.
CIVILISATIONS BECOME ISOLATED BY DISASTER
It appears that even after many migrating tribes became trapped in their new surroundings, knowledge of world geography was never completely lost. The great maritime powers around 2000 BC were the Minoans (Cretans), Mycenaeans (Greeks), Chinese and Egyptians. There is evidence also of possible cross-world travel by the Indus Valley civilisation and the Mesopotamians (from the Middle East).
Oh, yes. And something else. People all over the world have retained separate memories of a period when aviation was a well-known concept, and flight was a frequent occurrence. (See my book Dead Men’s Secrets, pp.278-304) At first a number of highly civilised nations flourished. But their descendants became embroiled in destructive wars. Large cities were reduced to ruins. Commerce on the air and sea lanes fell into disuse. Although a great part of the evidence is unsatisfactory and mixed with vague tradition, yet for some of it there seems to be substantial and independent proof – even to solid artefacts. (Ibid., pp. 10,11)
THE LANES REOPENED
Many centuries would elapse before Phoenicia, the new great naval power, would reopen the long ocean lanes. While a few nations retained some memory of their past heritage, it was the Phoenicians who most aggressively used it to their advantage.
In the time of Solomon of Israel (10th century BC), the Phoenicians reopened the lines of commerce that had existed a thousand years before.
TESTIMONY OF THE MAYA
Votan, the first historian of the Maya civilisation, wrote a book on the origin of the race. This ancient volume, written in the Quiche Language, was found by the Spaniards after their conquest of Mexico. Votan founded a settlement at Palenque about 1000 BC. Later he made four or more visits to his former home of Chivim (Tripoli of Syria, a town in the kingdom of Tyre, in the eastern Mediterranean).
During these trips he visited a great city wherein a magnificent temple was in course of erection. He next visited an edifice which had been originally intended to reach heaven, an object defeated, says Votan, when “to every people a different language was given.”
Upon returning to Palenque, he found that several more of his nation had arrived. Legend and pictorial evidence suggests that they were akin to Carthaginians. From this time onward, spreading at a more leisurely rate, the Indo-European races and the Semites settled slowly into the areas already opened up by the above-mentioned pioneers.
NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS
Concerning the New World, there is good evidence that the colossal buildings now found there were constructed no later than about 1200 BC. Little is known of the ancestors of the Red Indians who spread over North America. They dwelt in enormous cities, with temples and fortresses. They were expert agriculturalists, they domesticated animals and worked mines.
Western experts are very ignorant on American pre-Columbian history. Red Indian history is only explained to white men whom the Indians grow to trust. To others, they will deny all knowledge of their history, including that of the Mounds.
Mistaken concepts also prevail among “experts” concerning
Pacific history. Scholars say that the long-ago voyages from Hawaii to French Polynesia, from Samoa to Raratonga, and from the historical but unauthenticated Hawaiki to Raratonga and then on to New Zealand, were either legend or haphazard voyaging. The Polynesian people do not agree and claim they were deliberate and skilful.
We should not place too much reliance on academic historical theory. Native genealogy and history, backed with archaeology, work much better. If you would like to know more about our unknown history over the past few thousand years, you might visit http://www.beforeus.com/ My very best wishes to you and yours, until next time.
If you have any questions, please email me at email@example.com
International explorer, archaeologist and author Jonathan Gray has traveled the world to gather data on ancient mysteries. He has penetrated some largely unexplored areas, including parts of the Amazon headwaters. The author has also led expeditions to the bottom of the sea and to remote mountain and desert regions of the world. He lectures internationally.