Category Archives: Greece

HISTORY OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE – HISTORIES BY HERODOTUS

Translated by George Rawlinson

Book 1 – CLIO

[1.0] THESE are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done, and of preventing the great and wonderful actions of the Greeks and the Barbarians from losing their due meed of glory; and withal to put on record what were their grounds of feuds.

[1.1] According to the Persians best informed in history, the Phoenicians began to quarrel. This people, who had formerly dwelt on the shores of the Erythraean Sea, having migrated to the Mediterranean and settled in the parts which they now inhabit, began at once, they say, to adventure on long voyages, freighting their vessels with the wares of Egypt and Assyria. They landed at many places on the coast, and among the rest at Argos, which was then preeminent above all the states included now under the common name of Hellas. Here they exposed their merchandise, and traded with the natives for five or six days; at the end of which time, when almost everything was sold, there came down to the beach a number of women, and among them the daughter of the king, who was, they say, agreeing in this with the Greeks, Io, the child of Inachus. The women were standing by the stern of the ship intent upon their purchases, when the Phoenicians, with a general shout, rushed upon them. The greater part made their escape, but some were seized and carried off. Io herself was among the captives. The Phoenicians put the women on board their vessel, and set sail for Egypt. Thus did Io pass into Egypt, according to the Persian story, which differs widely from the Phoenician: and thus commenced, according to their authors, the series of outrages.

[1.2] At a later period, certain Greeks, with whose name they are unacquainted, but who would probably be Cretans, made a landing at Tyre, on the Phoenician coast, and bore off the king’s daughter, Europe. In this they only retaliated; but afterwards the Greeks, they say, were guilty of a second violence. They manned a ship of war, and sailed to Aea, a city of Colchis, on the river Phasis; from whence, after despatching the rest of the business on which they had come, they carried off Medea, the daughter of the king of the land. The monarch sent a herald into Greece to demand reparation of the wrong, and the restitution of his child; but the Greeks made answer that, having received no reparation of the wrong done them in the seizure of Io the Argive, they should give none in this instance.

[1.3] In the next generation afterwards, according to the same authorities, Alexander the son of Priam, bearing these events in mind, resolved to procure himself a wife out of Greece by violence, fully persuaded, that as the Greeks had not given satisfaction for their outrages, so neither would he be forced to make any for his. Accordingly he made prize of Helen; upon which the Greeks decided that, before resorting to other measures, they would send envoys to reclaim the princess and require reparation of the wrong. Their demands were met by a reference to the violence which had been offered to Medea, and they were asked with what face they could now require satisfaction, when they had formerly rejected all demands for either reparation or restitution addressed to them.

[1.4] Hitherto the injuries on either side had been mere acts of common violence; but in what followed the Persians consider that the Greeks were greatly to blame, since before any attack had been made on Europe, they led an army into Asia. Now as for the carrying off of women, it is the deed, they say, of a rogue: but to make a stir about such as are carried off, argues a man a fool. Men of sense care nothing for such women, since it is plain that without their own consent they would never be forced away. The Asiatics, when the Greeks ran off with their women, never troubled themselves about the matter; but the Greeks, for the sake of a single Lacedaemonian girl, collected a vast armament, invaded Asia, and destroyed the kingdom of Priam. Henceforth they ever looked upon the Greeks as their open enemies. For Asia, with all the various tribes of barbarians that inhabit it, is regarded by the Persians as their own; but Europe and the Greek race they look on as distinct and separate.

[1.5] Such is the account which the Persians give of these matters. They trace to the attack upon Troy their ancient enmity towards the Greeks. The Phoenicians, however, as regards Io, vary from the Persian statements. They deny that they used any violence to remove her into Egypt; she herself, they say, having formed an intimacy with the captain, while his vessel lay at Argos, and perceiving herself to be with child, of her own free will accompanied the Phoenicians on their leaving the shore, to escape the shame of detection and the reproaches of her parents. Whether this latter account be true, or whether the matter happened otherwise, I shall not discuss further. I shall proceed at once to point out the person who first within my own knowledge inflicted injury on the Greeks, after which I shall go forward with my history, describing equally the greater and the lesser cities. For the cities which were formerly great have most of them become insignificant; and such as are at present powerful, were weak in the olden time. I shall therefore discourse equally of both, convinced that human happiness never continues long in one stay.

[1.6] Croesus, son of Alyattes, by birth a Lydian, was lord of all the nations to the west of the river Halys. This stream, which separates Syria from Paphlagonia, runs with a course from south to north, and finally falls into the Euxine. So far as our knowledge goes, he was the first of the barbarians who had dealings with the Greeks, forcing some of them to become his tributaries, and entering into alliance with others. He conquered the Aeolians, Ionians, and Dorians of Asia, and made a treaty with the Lacedaemonians. Up to that time all Greeks had been free. For the Cimmerian attack upon Ionia, which was earlier than Croesus, was not a conquest of the cities, but only an inroad for plundering. Continue reading HISTORY OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE – HISTORIES BY HERODOTUS

4,600-Year-Old Complex On A Tiny Greek Island Is Totally Changing Our Understanding Of Ancient Greece

TOP PHOTO: The tiny islet of Dhaskalio is situated off the larger island of Keros, which is 125 southeast of Athens.

ANCIENT PATRIARCHS’ EDITOR INTRO: Mainstream Historians are so impregnated, ruled, and handicapped by the false, long dis-proven Darwinist time-frame & its preconceptions, that they limit their own research, unable to see the inconsistencies that we here at Ancient Patriarchs have made obvious in many articles.

For example: Assuming their carbon dating was accurate, their time-frame of 4.500 BP or 2.500 BC may be correct, but the following NON-Darwinian historical perspectives could lead to different conclusions indeed!

If 2,500 BC, we’re talking about ± 500 years after the ± 3,000 BC Global Flood, when the former pristine Earth’s crust was broken by the fault lines caused by the fountains of the Earth. Its volcanism would still be causing hotter oceans and thus more evaporation, more precipitation, more rain-turned-snow captured in mostly Northern ice caps of the real Ice Age, causing a 125 M. (300 ft) lower global sea level, in the Aegean Sea and everywhere else. What would that mean?

The result could be that the 2,500 BC ‘little’ islet Dhaskalio was bigger, wider, relatively higher, and most likely connected to, or part of Keros itself.  See pic below..

That would mean that the complex of buildings and marble floors may very well stretch and continue under water since sea levels rose 125 M. around 1500 BC, as proven in many of our articles and by other simultaneous inundations and floods all over the planet. So the dear archaeologists might wanna extend their search 125 M. deeper & have a look under water. They might be in for a surprise, and perhaps find even more evidence than they got so far. I hope they do, as I am very interested myself to see if there are more structures below.

Doggerland! Ignore the wrong dating!

[Pic above: Europe Before the global 1,500 BC Sea level rise.
Pic below: Aegean Sea before and after sea level rise]

2,500 BC was just after the time of the construction of the Tower and confusion of languages in Babel and the division of the Earth, and also around the time of the construction of the pyramids in Egypt, coinciding with the arrival of these earliest of Greeks? That is IF their dating of the complex was indeed correct, because in my experience Darwinians always like to date things much earlier than possible in order to make it sound like there was NO Global Flood

The Flood they totally habitually ignore, as it seems to be their duty to give credence to the false paradigm of “prehistoric”rough flint arrowhead old stone‘ “Paleolithic” and ‘polished arrowhead new stone‘ “Neolithic”, thanks to Darwin’s Banker boy friend John Lubbock’s bullocks of his ridiculous periodisation, instead of proper Pre-Flood and Post-Flood (Megalithic!) periodisation, followed by the dispersion of tribes turned nations, after the pristine and a rather peaceful early Golden Era, because there were still so few people on Earth after the Flood.  Anyhow, enjoy the article. It is not all bad, and quite interesting. Continue reading 4,600-Year-Old Complex On A Tiny Greek Island Is Totally Changing Our Understanding Of Ancient Greece

Medieval Armenian Sibylline Traditions comprising the “Defloratio Berosi” of Giovanni Nanni

(Johannes Annius) (§§884-891)

  1. Go to §885, below, >>, for a translation of the Defloratio Berosi, and to §891, below, >>, for the original Latin. The Defloratio Berosi Chaldaica, to give it its full title, was divided into five books. These, according to Nanni’s preface to the Defloratio (fol. CIVb), were addressed in their original form to the Athenians, and were intended to correct perceived errors in their accounts of ancient history. Berossus is known to have been well received by philosophers in Athens towards the end of his life, after he had moved his residence from Babylon to the Aegean island of Cos. (Pliny, Nat Hist. VII. xxxvii [123].) The Defloratio differed in the above respects from the “Babyloniaka” of Berossus, several excerpts of which have been preserved by ancient authors: the “Babyloniaka” was divided into three books, not five, and was dedicated to Antiochus II Theos, the king of Seleucid Babylon when Berossus was still present in that city, before he moved to Cos and was honored at Athens. This is one of the principal reasons why the Defloratio was rejected in the Renaissance: it was presumed it was claiming to be the “Babyloniaka” of Berossus, and it was known from the surviving fragments of the latter that the presumption was mistaken. However, the Hebrew Sibyl known as the “daughter Berossus” may well have drawn on the writings of her priestly “father,” including the sources of the “Babyloniaka,” to compose “Summary Extracts (Defloratio) from Berosus (Berosi),” — as the title of the work should perhaps be translated, — of relevance to the historical inquiries of the Athenians. It was alleged the Hebrew Sibyl was born in Syria of Manasseh (a Hebrew name) by Papilia, a female related to Alexander of Macedon, and that she migrated subsequently to Cumae in Italy. (Vaticinium Sibyllae, MGH SS 22, p. 376.) The Sibylline hypothesis is reasonable: it harmonizes with what we know otherwise of her work. The chief reasons for classing the Defloratio Berosi as a medieval Sibylline fragment are, therefore, as follows:

Continue reading Medieval Armenian Sibylline Traditions comprising the “Defloratio Berosi” of Giovanni Nanni

What Did Sanchoniathon, Phoenicia’s Ancient Historian, Write?

PIC BYBLOS LEBANON – courtesy onemilegrads.blogspot

Sanchuniathon, (flourished 13th century BC?), ancient Phoenician writer. All information about him is derived from the works of Philo of Byblos (flourished ad 100). Excavations at Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit) in Syria in 1929 revealed Phoenician documents supporting much of Sanchuniathon’s information on Phoenician mythology and religious beliefs. According to Philo, Sanchuniathon derived the sacred lore from inscriptions on the Ammouneis (i.e., images or pillars of Baal Amon), which stood in Phoenician temples.
  — From Encyclopædia Britannica.

Eusebius says that Philo placed Sanchuniathon’s works into nine books. In the introduction to the first book he makes this preface concerning Sanchuniathon:

“These things being so, Sanchuniathon, who was a man of much learning and great curiosity, and desirous of knowing the earliest history of all nations from the creation of the world, searched out with great care the history of Taautus, knowing that of all men under the sun Taautus was the first who thought of the invention of letters, and began the writing of records: and he laid the foundation, as it were, of his history, by beginning with him, whom the Egyptians called Thoyth, and the Alexandrians Thoth, translated by the Greeks into Hermes.”

The following translation is from I. P. Cory’s Ancient Fragments (1828/1832). Cory has provided citations for the passages in Eusebius’ work from which this epitome of Sanchuniathon has been reconstructed.

Continue reading What Did Sanchoniathon, Phoenicia’s Ancient Historian, Write?

Tomb of Gilgamesh Found in Uruk! By Wikipedia Damned Euhemerism Vindicated Again!

Wow! This was big news! Shocking! Gilgamesh turns out to be more than fiction or myth, contrary to what academia has been pushing for a century. Gilgamesh was a real person and they found his tomb, just as it was said in the epic, built under the course of the Euphrates River! It only got a little mention in the BBC (in One Minute World News) where Uruk – the origin of eponymous Iraq!

NOTE how the BBC says “believed found!” If it was “Lucy’s” bones found over a couple square kilometers, they’d say, “definite proof of humanoid primate!” See, it all depends on what they want you to believe.

In this case the find of Gilgamesh tomb ought to be called the find of the decade or of the 21st century, as yet another ancient literary source (2300 BC) turns out to be historical and less “mythological” than widely assumed. Uruk was the first city? Responsible for most first inventions, like writing, law, education, taxes, love songs, ethics, justice, agriculture, medicine, love and family? Wow, that early?

But inspite of all these proven first inventions, mainstream historians don’t trust Sumer’s own historical writings and denounce them as fictitious mythology without any core of truth. After all they were the immdiate descendents of stupid cavemen and hunter gatherers! And Euhemerism is ‘a bad bad method of doing history!’ For sure!!

Continue reading Tomb of Gilgamesh Found in Uruk! By Wikipedia Damned Euhemerism Vindicated Again!

Full Text of Eusebius’ Chronicle Chronicon Proving the Patriarchs & the Flood

[i] Eusebius, (ca. 263-ca. 339) author of the Chronicle translated below, was a major Christian author and cleric of the fourth century. His other writings, many of which have survived, include the Ecclesiastical History, the Life of Constantine, historical, martyrological, apologetic, dogmatic, exegetical, and miscellaneous works. Although originally written in Greek, his important Chronicle (Chronography, or Chronicon) has survived fully only in an Armenian translation of the 5th century, of which our present edition is a translation. A fifth century Latin translation (known as Jerome’s Chronicle) contains only the second part of Eusebius’ two-part work, namely the chronological tables which accompany the text of Book One. Nonetheless, the Latin translation of the chronological tables is invaluable, since the beginning and ending of the corresponding Armenian parts of Book Two are damaged. Reflecting 5th century Armenia’s multi-lingual cultural milieu, Eusebius’ Chronicle initially was translated into Armenian from the original Greek, then corrected using a Syriac edition. During the same period Eusebius’ other influential work, the Ecclesiastical History, was translated into Armenian from the Syriac. From almost the moment of their translation, Eusebius’ works played an important role in the development of Armenian historical writing.

Many of Eusebius’ extant Greek texts were written while the author worked at the library in Caesarea Palestina founded by the scholar Origen (ca. 185–ca. 254), where he had access to numerous works of antiquity which have not survived. Eusebius’ welcome technique of including sometimes lengthy passages from such lost works guaranteed his writings an important place in historical literature, quite apart from his impressive literary and analytical abilities. These general characteristics of Eusebius’ work are particularly highlighted in the Chronicle. The Chronicle was the ancient world’s first systematic, chronologically sound, universal history. It begins with the earliest extant written records available to our author and continues to his own day, that is to the year 325.

Among the sources cited and often quoted from at length are Berosus, Alexander Polyhistor, Abydenus, Josephus, Castor, Diodorus, Cephalion, various named translations of the Bible, the writings of Manetho, Porphyrius, and others. In a brief introduction, Eusebius describes the plan of his work. He proposes to give a prose description of salient events and personalities from the civilizations of the Chaldeans, Assyrians, Medes, Lydians, Persians, Hebrews, Egyptians, and Greeks, plus listings of the Greek Olympiads, and the rulers of the Greek city-states, the Macedonians, and Romans. Continue reading Full Text of Eusebius’ Chronicle Chronicon Proving the Patriarchs & the Flood

The Ignored Amazingly Huge Ships of Ancient History

noahsark
THE PETRIFIED REMAINS OF NOAH’S ARK – EAST TURKEY

Here’s one surprise you should enjoy. Test your knowledge.

HOW BIG WERE ANCIENT SHIPS?

ColumbusNOTfirst

What about Christopher Columbus’ ships? Do you know, Columbus’ whole expedition could mount only 88 men. These were separated onto three ships. Two of these ships were only 50 feet in length, about the size of a small fishing boat. Okay, that’s easy to picture.

Now, let’s get into a time machine, so to speak, and travel back further… further… further… Back to ancient Greece. When we think of ancient battleships, we think of the tiny ships shown in a movie like Ben Hur. They had 50 or so men, and a single tier of oars. That may reflect our evolutionary thinking that the ancients, compared to us, were primitive. Continue reading The Ignored Amazingly Huge Ships of Ancient History

Nennius on the descendants of the Patriarch Yapheth

nenniushistorybrittonumThe English translation of the Latin Text of Nennius 17 and 18 by Annomundi.com

Translation from Latin (below)

Nennius, also known as Nemnius or Nemnivus, was a Welsh monk of the 9th century. He has traditionally been attributed with the authorship of the Historia Brittonum, based on the prologue affixed to that work.
Nennius was a student of Elvodugus, commonly identified with the bishop Elfodd who convinced British ecclesiastics to accept the Continental dating for Easter, and who died in 809 according to the Annales Cambriae.
Nennius is believed to have lived in the area made up by present-day Brecknockshire and Radnorshire counties in Powys, Wales. He lived outside the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, isolated by mountains in a rural society. Welsh traditions include Nennius with Elbodug and others said to have escaped the massacre of Welsh monks by Ethelfrid in 613, fleeing to the north. Continue reading Nennius on the descendants of the Patriarch Yapheth

Who Was Zeus

ZeusZeus

Greek: Δίας, Latin: Iuppiter, Greek, Ancient: Ζεύς, also Known As: “Zevs”, “Dhias”, “Jupiter”, “Jove”, “Dyaus Pitar”, “”father of men””, “Dios del olimpo” and Misraim, Mizraim, and Osiris!
Birthdate: estimated around 2200 BC.
Birthplace: “birth_location” Mt Othrys
Died February 1414 buried in the isle of Crete.
OsirisCause of death: torn to pieces by Titans at Hera’s bidding, reincarnated through Dionysis, OR.., as Osiris, murdered and cut in pieces by his brother and pieces collected and “resurrected” by his wife Isis.
Family: Son of Ham or Cronos and Ham’s sister Rhea
Husband of Hera, Dione, Aphrodite, Aega goddess rock. Hestia – – Vesta and 1 other
Ex-husband of Persephone.

GreekGodMaia
ZEUS SEDUCING MAIA

Lover/Partner of Maia, Metis, Leto, Maia, Semele, Nymph African of Troy, Nymph Sithnid of Troy Protogeneia, Nemesi / Vendetta Divina Primordiale; Cassiopeia and 58 others.

Father of Perseus, Heracles, Ares, Hephaestos, Hermes, Apollo, Athena, Artemis, Dionysus, Hebe, Eileithiya, Enyo, Ens, Iarbas of Troy; Megarus of Troy; Castore dei Dioscuri degli Olimpici / di Sparta; Aegipan; Atymnius of Troy, and 166 others.
Brother of Hera; Demeter; Veritas; Hestia-Vesta; Poseidon and one other half brother of Kheiron Chiron, or as Mizraim, brother of Chna Kanaan, Put, and Kush.

Continue reading Who Was Zeus

The Ancient Frisian Oera Linda Book that HAD to be suppressed by “Academia!”

OERA LINDA BOEK
OERA LINDA BOEK

Dutch and International academics have had extensive discussions about the Frisian Oera Linda Book that “it is a forgery.” Regular friends and visitors to Ancient Patriarchs aren’t surprised at yet another suppression of ancient historical documentary evidence.

Just remember the suppressions of the writings of Geoffrey of Monmouth about his true British history of Brutus from the Trojan War until Caesar, plus the recent UK Govt. suppression of the amazing archaeological finds near the possible burial place of the real British King Arthur, or the suppression of the ancient Irish chronicles of Clonmacnoise, and of the Irish history of the Four Wise Masters, etc. Continue reading The Ancient Frisian Oera Linda Book that HAD to be suppressed by “Academia!”