Category Archives: chronology

The Russian Primary Chronicle – Laurentian Text – Until 1075 AD by Nestor

Tradition long regarded the original compilation as the work of a monk named Nestor (c. 1056 – c. 1114); hence scholars spoke of Nestor’s Chronicle or of Nestor’s manuscript. His compilation has not survived. Nestor’s many sources included the earlier but now lost Slavonic chronicles; the Byzantine annals of John Malalas, a Greek chronicler, who in 563 produced an 18 book work of intertwined myth and truth; and the Byzantine annals of George Hamartolus, a monk, who tried to adhere strictly to truth, and whose works are the unique contemporary source for the period 813–842. Sources of Nestor’s Chronicle also included byliny (singular bylina), which were traditional East Slavic oral epic narrative poems; Norse sagas; several Greek religious texts; Rus’–Byzantine treaties and oral accounts of Yan Vyshatich and of other military leaders. Nestor worked at the court of Sviatopolk II of Kiev (ruled 1093–1113) and probably shared Sviatopolk’s pro-Scandinavian policies.

The early part of the Chronicle features many anecdotal stories, among them those of the arrival of the three Varangian brothers, the founding of Kiev, the murder of Askold and Dir, ca. 882, the death of Oleg in 912, the “cause” of which was reported foreseen by him, and the thorough vengeance taken by Olga, the wife of Igor, on the Drevlians, who had murdered her husband. Her actions secured Kievan Rus’ from the Drevlians, preventing her from having to marry a Drevlian prince, and allowing her to act as regent until her young son came of age. The account of the labors of Saints Cyril and Methodius among the Slavic peoples also makes a very interesting tale, and to Nestor we owe the story of the summary way in which Vladimir the Great (ruled 980 to 1015) suppressed the worship of Perun and other traditional gods at Kiev.

Translated and edited by SAMUEL HAZZARD CROSS AND OLGERD P. SHERB O W1TZ-WETZOR 
COPYRIGHT BY THE MEDIAEVAL ACADEMY OF AMERICA CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

These are the narratives of bygone years regarding the origin of the land of Rus’, the first princes of Kiev, and from what source the land of Rus’ had its beginning. Let us accordingly begin this narrative. After the flood, the sons of Noah (Shem, Ham, and Japheth) divided the earth among them. To the lot of Shem fell the Orient, and his share extended lengthwise as far as India and breadthwise (i.e., from east to south ) as far as Rhinocurura, including Persia and Bactria, as well as Syria, Media ( which lies beside the Euphrates River), Babylon, Cordyna, Assyria, Mesopotamia, Arabia the Ancient, Elymais, India, Arabia the Mighty, Coelesyria, Commagene, and all Phoenicia. To the lot of Ham fell the southern region, comprising Egypt, Ethiopia facing toward India, the other (2) Ethiopia out of which the red Ethiopian river flows to the eastward, the Thebaid, Libya as far as Cyrene, Marmaris, Syrtis, and other Libya, Numidia, Massyris, and Maurentania over against Cadiz. Among the regions of the Orient, Ham also received Cilicia, Pamphylia, Mysia, Lycaonia, Phrygia, Ca- malia, Lycia, Car’ta, Lydia, the rest of Moesia, Troas, Aeolia, Bithynia, and ancient Phrygia. He likewise acquired the islands of Sardinia, Crete, and Cyprus, and the river Gihon, called the Nile. (3) To the lot of Japheth fell the northern and the western sections, including Media, Albania, Armenia ( both little and great), Cappadocia, Paphlagonia, Galatia, Colchis, Bosporus, Maeotis, Dervis, Sar- matia, Tauria, Scythia, Thrace, Macedonia, Dalmatia, Molossia, Thes- saly, Locris, Pellene ( which is also called the Peloponnese), Arcadia, Epirus, Illyria, the Slavs, Lychnitis and Adriaca, from which the Adri- atic Sea is named. He received also the islands of Britain, Sicily, Eu- boea, Rhodes, Chios, Lesbos, Cythera, Zacynthus, Cephallenia, Ithaca, and Corcyra, as well as a portion of the land of Asia called Ionia, the river Tigris flowing between the Medes and Babylon / and the territory to the north extending as far as the Pontus and including the Danube, the Dniester, and the Carpathian Mountains, which are called Hungarian, and thence even to the Dnieper. (4) He likewise acquired dominion over other rivers, among them the Desna, the Pripet’, the Dvina, the Volkhov, and the Volga, which flows eastward into the portion of Shem. In the share of Japheth lies Rus’, Chud’, and all the gentiles: Merya, Muroma, Ves’, Mordva, Chud’ beyond the portages, Perm’, Pechera, Yam’, Ugra, Litva, Zimegola, Kors’, Let’gola, and Liv\ The Lyakhs, the Prussians, and Chud’ border on the Varangian Sea. The Varangians dwell on the shores of that same sea, and extend to the eastward as far as the portion of Shem. They likewise live to the west beside this sea as far as the land of the English and the French. For the following nations also are a part of the race of Japheth: the Varangians, the Swedes, the Normans, the Gotlanders, the Russes, the English, the Spaniards, the Italians, the Romans, the Germans, the French, the Venetians, the Genoese, and so on. Their homes are situated in the northwest, and adjoin the Hamitic tribes. (5) Continue reading The Russian Primary Chronicle – Laurentian Text – Until 1075 AD by Nestor

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Medieval Armenian Sibylline Traditions comprising the “Defloratio Berosi” of Giovanni Nanni

(Johannes Annius) (§§884-891)

  1. Go to §885, below, >>, for a translation of the Defloratio Berosi, and to §891, below, >>, for the original Latin. The Defloratio Berosi Chaldaica, to give it its full title, was divided into five books. These, according to Nanni’s preface to the Defloratio (fol. CIVb), were addressed in their original form to the Athenians, and were intended to correct perceived errors in their accounts of ancient history. Berossus is known to have been well received by philosophers in Athens towards the end of his life, after he had moved his residence from Babylon to the Aegean island of Cos. (Pliny, Nat Hist. VII. xxxvii [123].) The Defloratio differed in the above respects from the “Babyloniaka” of Berossus, several excerpts of which have been preserved by ancient authors: the “Babyloniaka” was divided into three books, not five, and was dedicated to Antiochus II Theos, the king of Seleucid Babylon when Berossus was still present in that city, before he moved to Cos and was honored at Athens. This is one of the principal reasons why the Defloratio was rejected in the Renaissance: it was presumed it was claiming to be the “Babyloniaka” of Berossus, and it was known from the surviving fragments of the latter that the presumption was mistaken. However, the Hebrew Sibyl known as the “daughter Berossus” may well have drawn on the writings of her priestly “father,” including the sources of the “Babyloniaka,” to compose “Summary Extracts (Defloratio) from Berosus (Berosi),” — as the title of the work should perhaps be translated, — of relevance to the historical inquiries of the Athenians. It was alleged the Hebrew Sibyl was born in Syria of Manasseh (a Hebrew name) by Papilia, a female related to Alexander of Macedon, and that she migrated subsequently to Cumae in Italy. (Vaticinium Sibyllae, MGH SS 22, p. 376.) The Sibylline hypothesis is reasonable: it harmonizes with what we know otherwise of her work. The chief reasons for classing the Defloratio Berosi as a medieval Sibylline fragment are, therefore, as follows:

Continue reading Medieval Armenian Sibylline Traditions comprising the “Defloratio Berosi” of Giovanni Nanni

Sir Isaac Newton on ancient history

Compiled By Brian Forbes

Sir Isaac Newton, a father of physics, who discovered the math of gravity, was interested in early history. He summarized it by saying that kings were made into gods by their citizens. Kings of cities were deified by their cities, and kings of nations by their nations.

He said that this practice didn’t happen over time from the bottom up, but right away from the top down. He said that the original religion was given by Noah, but Mercury changed all that in honor of Osiris & Isis. He said that the historians of Egypt made the gods more ancient than they really were, and that many were ruling during the reign of king David of Israel. Continue reading Sir Isaac Newton on ancient history

Full Text of Eusebius’ Chronicle Chronicon Proving the Patriarchs & the Flood

[i] Eusebius, (ca. 263-ca. 339) author of the Chronicle translated below, was a major Christian author and cleric of the fourth century. His other writings, many of which have survived, include the Ecclesiastical History, the Life of Constantine, historical, martyrological, apologetic, dogmatic, exegetical, and miscellaneous works. Although originally written in Greek, his important Chronicle (Chronography, or Chronicon) has survived fully only in an Armenian translation of the 5th century, of which our present edition is a translation. A fifth century Latin translation (known as Jerome’s Chronicle) contains only the second part of Eusebius’ two-part work, namely the chronological tables which accompany the text of Book One. Nonetheless, the Latin translation of the chronological tables is invaluable, since the beginning and ending of the corresponding Armenian parts of Book Two are damaged. Reflecting 5th century Armenia’s multi-lingual cultural milieu, Eusebius’ Chronicle initially was translated into Armenian from the original Greek, then corrected using a Syriac edition. During the same period Eusebius’ other influential work, the Ecclesiastical History, was translated into Armenian from the Syriac. From almost the moment of their translation, Eusebius’ works played an important role in the development of Armenian historical writing.

Many of Eusebius’ extant Greek texts were written while the author worked at the library in Caesarea Palestina founded by the scholar Origen (ca. 185–ca. 254), where he had access to numerous works of antiquity which have not survived. Eusebius’ welcome technique of including sometimes lengthy passages from such lost works guaranteed his writings an important place in historical literature, quite apart from his impressive literary and analytical abilities. These general characteristics of Eusebius’ work are particularly highlighted in the Chronicle. The Chronicle was the ancient world’s first systematic, chronologically sound, universal history. It begins with the earliest extant written records available to our author and continues to his own day, that is to the year 325.

Among the sources cited and often quoted from at length are Berosus, Alexander Polyhistor, Abydenus, Josephus, Castor, Diodorus, Cephalion, various named translations of the Bible, the writings of Manetho, Porphyrius, and others. In a brief introduction, Eusebius describes the plan of his work. He proposes to give a prose description of salient events and personalities from the civilizations of the Chaldeans, Assyrians, Medes, Lydians, Persians, Hebrews, Egyptians, and Greeks, plus listings of the Greek Olympiads, and the rulers of the Greek city-states, the Macedonians, and Romans. Continue reading Full Text of Eusebius’ Chronicle Chronicon Proving the Patriarchs & the Flood

Reduced & Revised Industry and Chronology Table for Britain & Ireland from Contemporary Records

AP INTRODUCTION: We like John Hext Fremlin’s attempt to put together a chronology from the Creation of the Universe, that all the ancients testified about, via the Flood that 700 worldwide ethne talked about in their legends, through the birth of Christ, all the way until the Roman era in England, where John resides. This chronology is not necessarily set in stone, but is a fair collection of affirmed dates, plus approximated and educated guesses of other dates. It is our pleasure to post this. Thank you John.
PS: We don’t really relish the paleo-, meso-, neo-lithic “stone age” periodisation terms of John Lubbock, but never mind it. We prefer stone, iron, bronze cultures instead which were often co-existant in the same time. Think of Australian aborigines co-existing with modern Australians. We also don’t like these terms like cavemen and hunter gathrerers because it implies a progressive biological evolution of Man, whereas Man has suffered from devolution rather from bigger, smarter, longer living, high tech primo patriarchs and survivors of the Global Flood. (see our other articles on that) , But never mind all that. John did a great job.
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By John Hext Fremlin

Reduced and Revised Industry and Chronology Table for Britain and Ireland from Contemporary Records
The chronology that I have given using Usshers chronology to as near as possible the events stated within the table. Most,  if not nearly all, of the dates are calculated on Usshers chronology given how long in years or maybe a couple of hundred of years a “said ” reign of kings or dynasty lasted. Given the remoteness of the period under investigation one is never going to get absolutes. Two slightly differing chronologies are given below for discussion Continue reading Reduced & Revised Industry and Chronology Table for Britain & Ireland from Contemporary Records

Open Letter to Rixon Steward Concerning Graham Hancock’s Darwinian, but NOT Alternative History

Because I could not find a way to convey this to him by posting as comment on his website, I will have to post it myself and mention the name of Graham Hancock after all as well. Hopefully it will help him to see the light of the errors of his “alternative” ways. Here is Hancock’s faulty video, Rixon posted on his alternative site:
(Warning: Don’t be sucked in by this Revised Neo Darwinism)


INDEED THEY ARE ALL LIES !

Dear Rixon Steward,

I’ve been visiting your news blog the last ten years & have had a presence on the web myself, already since 2001 as powerpointparadise.com, and lately here as ancientpatriarchs.wordpress.com

I saw your latest promotion of a video by a presumed alternative historian, but I just had to write you as I have a very different take on alternative ancient history than him. I would therefore like to bring to your attention the following points: Continue reading Open Letter to Rixon Steward Concerning Graham Hancock’s Darwinian, but NOT Alternative History

How the “Lunatic Fringe” Proved the Shroud’s Carbon dating Wrong!

ShroudFull 2 part movie about the Shroud of Turin giving the man in the shroud his actual 3D face (and body) back. New dating methods reveal the much older date of the cloth than previously thought. A team of two “lunatic fringe” investigators found that the sample of the Shroud was contaminated! But it took the Mainstream Academics would not believe it until…. Isn’t that symptomatic! What did He look like? Ray Downing accomplished a reconstruction of the Shroud through new computer methods and enhancements. Does this face belong to Jesus Christ?

 

The Chronicles of the early Britons – Bill Cooper

BrutusChapter 4  After the Flood,
by Bill Cooper

‘Yf God will, at an other apter tyme and in more apt place, marveilous agreement of the historyes of Antiquity and great unlooked for light and credit will be restored to the Originalls of Brutus…’ (John Dee 1577. Cotton MS. Vitellius. c. vii. f 206v)

On Wednesday 7th November 1917, Flinders Petrie, a renowned archaeologist of the day, addressed the assembled members of the British Academy. He was to present a paper to them entitled Neglected British History, (1) in which he drew attention to the fact that a considerable body of historical documentary source-material was being overlooked if not willfully ignored by modern historians. He drew fleeting attention to the work of Geoffrey of Monmouth and then homed in on one particular record that shed much light upon Geoffrey’s too-disparaged history.

Tysillo The ancient book to which he drew attention was known to him as the Tysilio Chronicle, which is listed today as Jesus College MS LXI and is lodged in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. It is written in medieval Welsh, and is, as its colophon reveals, (2) a translation that was commissioned by the same Walter of Oxford who commissioned Geoffrey of Monmouth to translate a certain very ancient British book into Latin. It is, in fact, a translation from early British into medieval Welsh of the same source-material used by Geoffrey, and is an answer to all those learned critics who have stated with such emphasis over the years that Geoffrey of Monmouth was lying when he claimed to have translated such a book. Continue reading The Chronicles of the early Britons – Bill Cooper

Submerged Baltic Rock a Bronze Age Megalith? Or Materialistic Darwinian ‘Ancient UFO’?

BalticUFO-OverdatedMegalithPop Historians Reduce Submerged Baltic Megalith to A Materialistic Ancient UFO!

Not just that, but per Darwinian paradigm they date a pre-1500 BC ordinary megalith to 140.000 BP! And therefore it has to be an Unidentified Flying Object, UFO, because by their own wrong dating, the cavemen couldn’t make any Bronze Age megaliths. And thus this is the first UFO ever made of rock, even if metallic contents were found inside! Intergalactic Flintstones?BalticMegalithBronzeAge2

Again and again, we are being bamboozled by Darwinian propaganda from people who call themselves academics but are actually engaged in pure scientism, the religion of Quackademia of today! Enjoy the glaring irony! MUST watch! Be amused.

Continue reading Submerged Baltic Rock a Bronze Age Megalith? Or Materialistic Darwinian ‘Ancient UFO’?

Pagan Gods Were Mortal Men

group-of-godsFrom Noah to Hercules by Brian Forbes  • May 21, 2015 • 0 Comments • 110 views • Summary:

There is a unanimous ancient perspective that directly contradicts the theory of evolution. It is being ignored by scholars in the modern day. Many pagan gods were mortal men. They were born, waged war, conferred advantages, had children, and died, whereupon they were deified by their descendants.

The theory of evolution is easily refuted by many powerful arguments and proofs. The watchmaker argument is perhaps the oldest and most famous. The Mt. St. Helen’s evidence, as a template for stratification and the carving of canyons, can be boiled down to a few sentences and photographs.

StHelensGrandCanyon

The kings of many European tribes can trace their genealogies back to Noah.[1] Another evidence that is of this caliber, which has yet to be given its proper place in the origins debate, is that of the common ancestry of all men through the “gods” of pagan (especially Greek and Roman) mythology.

At first glance this concept, that many to most pagan gods were mortal men, seems highly speculative – a conspiracy theory on a government protest website. It is not wild speculation. On the contrary, this was a position taken by nearly all historians of antiquity. The most skeptical, naturalistic authors were not ambiguous on this point, and there was very little deviation. This is my opinion, but you don’t have to accept it because of me.

The opinion of an un-credentialed spectator means little in this scholarly, pompous world. That is why I aim to bring you the opinion of these ancient authors in their own words. The experts of antiquity will show that Darwinism does not match the traditions of Paganism, Judaism, or any other ancient perspective on the origin of mankind. Continue reading Pagan Gods Were Mortal Men