Category Archives: Patriarchs

The True Timing of Moses in Egypt, the Exodus, & the Bronze Age Collapse

Before we can analyse the relationship between the conquest of Canaan by the Israelites and the Bronze Age Collapse, we have to be able to first drop the major academic lie that the Exodus is a “Pious Fiction“.

Well, guess what, that restoration of true Bible history was already deftly accomplished by David Rohl, who is the unique very sharp knife who deciphered & proved without any doubt the proper Egyptian timeline of the Exodus around 1650 BC at the end of the Middle Bronze Age & the end of the Middle Kingdom brought about  by the Hyksos who took over defenseless Egypt after Israel had left, because the true Exodus Pharaoh DudiMose‘s army.. lay drowned on the bottom of the Red Sea!

Without me pre-digesting this very detailed video, I challenge you to watch this 2 hour amazing presentation by … agnostic… David Rohl – which you can speed up to 1.5 in settings – made by Evangelical ‘Rood Awakening’ whose movie producer – by God’s grace – hardly interrupted Rohl’s magnificent academic presentation.

Rohl proves that Academia – as usual as we have proven in article after article here at Ancient Patriarchs – got it all wrong again; The timings of Joseph, the Famine, Sojourn, Moses, the Exodus, the destruction of Jericho by Joshua, and they also still to this day neglect to recognise the Stone of the Covenant Joshua set up in Migdol Shechem.

The Biblical Exodus… Fairytale or Historical Fact? by David Rohl

 

And, so, if the Exodus took place around 1650 BC, the destruction of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, etc. would then have happened around 1600 BC, that would be way too early for the approximate dating of the Bronze Age Collapse around 1200 BC.

TRUE 1650 BC Exodus

The reason we say this, is because some are now trying to paint the Israelite invasion & destruction of Canaan as one major cause for the Bronze Age Collapse, in a futile effort to blame ALL the world’s misfortune on God & His ‘Chosen People’ of yore, because presumably would be the same people as are causing it today? But the present day so-called “Jews” are not the same Judaeans or let alone the Israelites of yesteryear, no matter how hard some of them are insisting that they are. It has long been proven that their Palestinian victims have more Judaean DNA in their genome than the Khazarian Turks from Southern Russia!

They insinuate that it is all God’s fault for permitting the old Israelites to charge interest – usury – on their neighbours, whereas God never by the wildest stretch of His imagination intended for them, let alone these unrelated Turks, to make it a worldwide policy of extortion today. Neither did God intend the extermination of Israel’s enemies then to become a blueprint for extermination today! God rather intended Israel then to be a  light to the nations and mainly to produce the Messiah, Yeshua! When they had the Romans kill him, they lost it all, their temple, country, status, everything.

To blame the Bronze Age Collapse (BAC) on the Israelites of yore, sounds like Anti-Goddism to me, for ultimately He would be responsible for it. It is a bit far sought IMHO, seeing that the Exodus and the 1200 BC BAC are separated by more than FOUR centuries! Does it then look like he has a dog in this fight, blaming God for everything? Well it does seem to be the fashion these days. Let me put it this way, GOD is not responsible for what evil people do to others, especially since He came down in the human form & face of God called Jesus who taught us to “Do unto others as ye would have them do unto you!”

Now the detractors may say, “Well, so why did He do it to the Canaanites? Did He want them to exterminate Him?” ANSWER: The old wicked Canaanites that lived there had already tried to exterminate Him and His Love ever-since they settled down there in a land that was not theirs in the first place, for they persecuted righteous Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and kids, unreasonably stealing their very own dug wells with impunity, and even raping their daughter, etc. Not nice. But most of all some of them, especially the Amorites and the several Canaanite giant races were the wicked degenerate offspring of the Nephilim who are taking over the world now! God KNEW! But His very own nation let them into their midst and into their seed, before Nehemiah put a halt to that.. sad to say too late!

But mostly they exterminated God’s Love by their promotion of the  most wicked religion of that day – as well as today – the extermination of their own children in the fires for the glory of their wicked god Molech or Moloch, for whom the Italian government now has set up a statue in the Colosseum in Rome! Wicked! (Will they reap the same fate?)

Now, you could perhaps find fault with God, blaming all the world’s present evils on Him, allowing Adam & Eve to be tempted by the fruit of the ‘Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil’, but isn’t that a little bit far sought? Besides, if He had not allowed one temptation in that perfect Garden of Love, we would’ve been automatons without any Free Choice! And Anthony would not have written his article.

Sure the destruction of many of the Canaanites – not all because even Jesus had Simon the Canaanite as a disciple & even cured a Canaanite woman’s possessed daughter- sure left a vacuum in the land that Israel then filled up with their presence, but whether it caused the BAC? Hmm…

If you have read the other articles here on Ancient Patriarchs, you might have come across the most likely REAL reason for the BAC, namely some REAL Climate Change before the BAC, to be specific the lessening of the rains over North Africa and the Middle East, that caused droughts and famines, and inevitable relocations of the much smaller nations of those days, some 1800 years after the 3000 BC Flood.

The Flood had caused the REAL Ice Age to start by the heating up of the global oceans when the Fountains of the Earth sprang fault lines all over the globe, causing volcanic disasters ever-since. The rise in sea temperatures caused more evaporation of water causing abundant rains which turned into ice caps on land in the Northern hemisphere in Europe, Siberia, North America, etc., while making the Sahara green grazing lands for cows! By 1400 BC they had dried out though.

When the seas had cooled to present levels by 1500-1400 BC the ice caps melted and caused a 125 M. (300 ft.) global sea level rise, sinking Atlantis, Sunda land, Kumari Kandam, Dogger Land, and the Land of Mu here around Taiwan and the Pacific. See the red sunken areas below. And therefore the island people like the Atlanteans, Sundans, Mu-ans, Doggerlanders, etc. had to find new places to live. That’s why the Egyptians  named their attackers the “Sea Peoples”, a fact heavily suppressed by the Materialist Darwinian gatekeepers who prefer to deny Atlantis because ‘humans’ (homo sapiens sapiens!) were till to stupid to cross the oceans, so therefore there could not have been an Atlantis, and Poseidon’s (Sidon) and Neptune’s (Naptuhim Gen. 10) ..10 islands in the Atlantic (wonder why they named it the Atlantic? Hmm..) are of course called ‘myths’ by them. But why then are there identical megaliths across the oceans all over the world.. if they couldn’t cross them in first place? Think people, lets use our God given brains… and pause the addiction for mass media propaganda for once. Are we really independent thinkers?

Look in Our 200 Most Popular Articles!

But the Darwinian historians – if that’s what you can call them? – insist of course that their Ice Ages took place long before the Creation of the Universe some 10.-20. or even 80.000 years BP. (Before Present) Hilarious!

Why? Because they – being Materialists, Naturalists, Marxists, Atheists, etc. – despise and suppress true knowledge of the Flood, because it proves God’s existence via Noah’s foreknowledge of the coming of the Flood, by building an Ark, collecting animals and people to cause them to survive this Flood. How else did he know? And so they dismiss the over 700 global Flood legends and the similar names of Noah, Nu-ah, Nuewa (China), Nun, Nur, Nuh, Noe, Nu-Uh, Nut, Ouranuh or -Noh, etc.

Well, Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year 2020 everybody. I am not too sure though about a happy 2020! It might all crash this year, finally, and that won’t be a very happy time, but rather cause some bad extermination, but don’t blame it on the God of Love. He did His best, by coming down here and humbly dying on the cross for all of our wicked sins, child abuse, child murder, mayhem, wars, genocides, exterminations,  etc., that if we just accept His sacrificing Himself by asking Him to come live in our very own hearts, He will enter our lives and give us the free gift of Eternal Life with Him as His children in a much better Eternal Dimension called the Kingdom of Heaven! I hope I’ll see you there!

HISTORY OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE – HISTORIES BY HERODOTUS

Translated by George Rawlinson

Book 1 – CLIO

[1.0] THESE are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done, and of preventing the great and wonderful actions of the Greeks and the Barbarians from losing their due meed of glory; and withal to put on record what were their grounds of feuds.

[1.1] According to the Persians best informed in history, the Phoenicians began to quarrel. This people, who had formerly dwelt on the shores of the Erythraean Sea, having migrated to the Mediterranean and settled in the parts which they now inhabit, began at once, they say, to adventure on long voyages, freighting their vessels with the wares of Egypt and Assyria. They landed at many places on the coast, and among the rest at Argos, which was then preeminent above all the states included now under the common name of Hellas. Here they exposed their merchandise, and traded with the natives for five or six days; at the end of which time, when almost everything was sold, there came down to the beach a number of women, and among them the daughter of the king, who was, they say, agreeing in this with the Greeks, Io, the child of Inachus. The women were standing by the stern of the ship intent upon their purchases, when the Phoenicians, with a general shout, rushed upon them. The greater part made their escape, but some were seized and carried off. Io herself was among the captives. The Phoenicians put the women on board their vessel, and set sail for Egypt. Thus did Io pass into Egypt, according to the Persian story, which differs widely from the Phoenician: and thus commenced, according to their authors, the series of outrages.

[1.2] At a later period, certain Greeks, with whose name they are unacquainted, but who would probably be Cretans, made a landing at Tyre, on the Phoenician coast, and bore off the king’s daughter, Europe. In this they only retaliated; but afterwards the Greeks, they say, were guilty of a second violence. They manned a ship of war, and sailed to Aea, a city of Colchis, on the river Phasis; from whence, after despatching the rest of the business on which they had come, they carried off Medea, the daughter of the king of the land. The monarch sent a herald into Greece to demand reparation of the wrong, and the restitution of his child; but the Greeks made answer that, having received no reparation of the wrong done them in the seizure of Io the Argive, they should give none in this instance.

[1.3] In the next generation afterwards, according to the same authorities, Alexander the son of Priam, bearing these events in mind, resolved to procure himself a wife out of Greece by violence, fully persuaded, that as the Greeks had not given satisfaction for their outrages, so neither would he be forced to make any for his. Accordingly he made prize of Helen; upon which the Greeks decided that, before resorting to other measures, they would send envoys to reclaim the princess and require reparation of the wrong. Their demands were met by a reference to the violence which had been offered to Medea, and they were asked with what face they could now require satisfaction, when they had formerly rejected all demands for either reparation or restitution addressed to them.

[1.4] Hitherto the injuries on either side had been mere acts of common violence; but in what followed the Persians consider that the Greeks were greatly to blame, since before any attack had been made on Europe, they led an army into Asia. Now as for the carrying off of women, it is the deed, they say, of a rogue: but to make a stir about such as are carried off, argues a man a fool. Men of sense care nothing for such women, since it is plain that without their own consent they would never be forced away. The Asiatics, when the Greeks ran off with their women, never troubled themselves about the matter; but the Greeks, for the sake of a single Lacedaemonian girl, collected a vast armament, invaded Asia, and destroyed the kingdom of Priam. Henceforth they ever looked upon the Greeks as their open enemies. For Asia, with all the various tribes of barbarians that inhabit it, is regarded by the Persians as their own; but Europe and the Greek race they look on as distinct and separate.

[1.5] Such is the account which the Persians give of these matters. They trace to the attack upon Troy their ancient enmity towards the Greeks. The Phoenicians, however, as regards Io, vary from the Persian statements. They deny that they used any violence to remove her into Egypt; she herself, they say, having formed an intimacy with the captain, while his vessel lay at Argos, and perceiving herself to be with child, of her own free will accompanied the Phoenicians on their leaving the shore, to escape the shame of detection and the reproaches of her parents. Whether this latter account be true, or whether the matter happened otherwise, I shall not discuss further. I shall proceed at once to point out the person who first within my own knowledge inflicted injury on the Greeks, after which I shall go forward with my history, describing equally the greater and the lesser cities. For the cities which were formerly great have most of them become insignificant; and such as are at present powerful, were weak in the olden time. I shall therefore discourse equally of both, convinced that human happiness never continues long in one stay.

[1.6] Croesus, son of Alyattes, by birth a Lydian, was lord of all the nations to the west of the river Halys. This stream, which separates Syria from Paphlagonia, runs with a course from south to north, and finally falls into the Euxine. So far as our knowledge goes, he was the first of the barbarians who had dealings with the Greeks, forcing some of them to become his tributaries, and entering into alliance with others. He conquered the Aeolians, Ionians, and Dorians of Asia, and made a treaty with the Lacedaemonians. Up to that time all Greeks had been free. For the Cimmerian attack upon Ionia, which was earlier than Croesus, was not a conquest of the cities, but only an inroad for plundering. Continue reading HISTORY OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE – HISTORIES BY HERODOTUS

The Latest Elongated Skull Video & Our Different Conclusions than Brien Foerster

THE VIDEO AT THE END OF THE ARTICLE IS VERY WORTH WATCHING!!!


Brien Foerster has done tons of research on elongated skulls and this video shows many of the results of his work. Elongated skulls are NOT the result of head-binding cultures, as Darwinian trained archaeologists surmise, as the elongated skulls are elongated from the womb, as the video will show you, and they don’t have the normal sutures on top of the skulls but are closed on top, apart from all the other differences and anomalies. The mystery of course is where did these elongated skull humans originated from?

As much as I admire Brien Foerster’s tenacious research and passion to show (qu)academia that they are …

  1. obfuscating true research into these anomalous skulls
  2.  denying early oceanic crossings of humans & these kind of humans originating in Europe or Middle East around the Caspian and Black Seas..
  3. Ignoring these skulls by NOT subjecting them to rigorous & honest genetic DNA analysis..
  4. confusing the later ‘Indian’ Incas to these skulls via their bogus head binding theory.
  5. etc. etc.

I draw different conclusions than Foerster because we each come from totally different worldviews and scientific paradigms. I will explain:

Brian Foerster, — as many of his fellow travellers, like Matt Childress, Graham Hancock, and other “megalithomaniacs” – as they call themselves — are perhaps alternative in some ways, but still very mainstream in paradigm, in that they are still full-blown Darwinians, inspite of the facts and top scientists that have shredded this bogus theory as a total fantasy and untenable science. See our articles on the subject here on our site. Continue reading The Latest Elongated Skull Video & Our Different Conclusions than Brien Foerster

How Marxists & Identity Politics Hacks Hijack Faculty of Classical Studies

How I was Kicked Out of the Society for Classical Studies Annual Meeting

by Mary Frances Williams

by Desmond Berg Posted on March 12, 2019, 3:21 pm

I am a Classics Ph.D. who recently attended the 2019 Annual Meeting of the Society for Classical Studies (SCS—formerly the American Philological Association), a yearly conference that provides papers on classical subjects and interviews for academic positions. I now regret doing so since some remarks I made at the conference led to me being branded a “racist” and the loss of my editing job with the Association of Ancient Historians.I don’t usually attend because of the expense—I’m an independent scholar and cannot rely on universities for reimbursement. But it seemed like a good idea to go since the weather is always nice in San Diego. A bonus was the USS Midway, now a floating museum. The Midway, a World War II-era aircraft carrier that served as the command center for the bombing of Bagdad during the Gulf War, is well worth visiting. On January 5 I decided to attend panel #45, a “Sesquicentennial Workshop”—it was the 150th anniversary of the SCS—titled “The Future of Classics.” It was described in the meeting program as “an open and free-form large-room discussion of what we think the trajectories of our field, broadly defined, will and/or should be, not just in the immediate future but for the next 150 years.” Based on the description (“discussion” is mentioned three times), the panel seemed like an opportunity to raise some questions and obtain some answers about what was happening in the field.

Although I am a Classics Ph.D. and a former professor, it has been some time since I taught. But I have noticed a decline in the number of Classics courses being offered at universities, a shift in teaching focus, and, at least this past fall, a concentration on archaeology positions in the academic job market rather than for Classics generalists. I thought that I might contribute to the discussion, and that by asking questions I might learn what was going on and what others thought about the direction of the field. I knew nothing about the people who’d been invited to speak. Continue reading How Marxists & Identity Politics Hacks Hijack Faculty of Classical Studies

First Geological Evidence for China’s [Da Yu’s] “Great Flood” Uncovered

by Meagan Phelan

Scientists have uncovered the first geological evidence for China’s “Great Flood,” an event marked in legend as the start of China’s first dynasty and the rise of its founding emperor.

The results, reported in the 5 August issue of Science, date the flood at 1920 B.C., several centuries later than suspected. This new timeline suggests that China’s first dynasty, Xia — as well as its founding Emperor Yu, famous for controlling the flood — also had a later start.

“The story of Yu taming the Great Flood is also the story of the beginnings of Chinese civilization,” said co-author David Cohen, assistant professor in the department of anthropology at National Taiwan University. “Yu’s control of the chaotic flood waters brought order to the lands, legend says, separating what would become a civilized Chinese center from the wild peripheries. This defined a people, as well as the social and political order in which they should live. It is central to Chinese identity and known by everyone there, just as Westerners know the story of Noah’s flood.” Continue reading First Geological Evidence for China’s [Da Yu’s] “Great Flood” Uncovered

WOW! I was WRONG! Were the Pyramids Built Before the Flood?

BECAUSE I WOULD HATE TO MISLEAD PEOPLE, I have to get this out before I write my retractions and corrections of our articles BASED on our presumed Flood Date of 2345 BC, which I now know is wrong!! I will have to correct some of our articles. I am so glad that Nathan Hoffmann found the truth of a 3000 BC Flood! It explains so much better the many mysteries like enough time for the Egyptians to build the pyramids and the Chinese to leave Sumeria!!! Our Chinese dating of 2300 BC for Huang Di and 2.200 BC for Da Yu and the beginning of the Xia dynasty are therefore correct! MUST WATCH!

And please DO  read our writings in the brighter light of this new true revelation on Non-Darwinian history! Please come back soon for a full article on this subject, or an update of this article. I sincerely hope that the dogmatists will not hold on to their dogmas, but will have enough humility to let go! (Hovind? Quayle?) We should not be afraid to fine tune our understanding, and submit to team work. NO  one is smart enough to understand everything perfectly! We ALL need each other and be humble enough to receive correction!

1  Were the Pyramids Built Before the Flood? (Masoretic Text vs. Original Hebrew)

2  How Long Were The Israelites In Egypt?

3  David Rohl explaining how long the Israelites were in Egypt

Darwinist Russia Today RT Belittles True Ancient History in Anti-Noah Hit Piece

Some lightweight liberal Marxist at Russia Today exhausted his literary prowess on yet another ‘tongue in cheek’ hit piece to ridicule the proven historicity of the ancient 2345 BC Global Flood and its universally recognised Eight Survivors. This time “Noah used his cell phone to call one of his three sons aboard” and other such inane nonsense.

According to this scientifically challenged writer “The story of Noah’s Ark has been the subject of scrutiny and conspiracy theories for decades.”

IF the historical Global Flood – attested to by more than 700 global ethnic legends and providing the only sensible explanation of the mysterious ubiquitous 2 KM deep fossil-studded layers below our feet – had indeed been treated with scientific scrutiny, it certainly was not done by this inane writer. Read it for yourself! Continue reading Darwinist Russia Today RT Belittles True Ancient History in Anti-Noah Hit Piece

The Russian Primary Chronicle – Laurentian Text – Until 1075 AD by Nestor

Tradition long regarded the original compilation as the work of a monk named Nestor (c. 1056 – c. 1114); hence scholars spoke of Nestor’s Chronicle or of Nestor’s manuscript. His compilation has not survived. Nestor’s many sources included the earlier but now lost Slavonic chronicles; the Byzantine annals of John Malalas, a Greek chronicler, who in 563 produced an 18 book work of intertwined myth and truth; and the Byzantine annals of George Hamartolus, a monk, who tried to adhere strictly to truth, and whose works are the unique contemporary source for the period 813–842. Sources of Nestor’s Chronicle also included byliny (singular bylina), which were traditional East Slavic oral epic narrative poems; Norse sagas; several Greek religious texts; Rus’–Byzantine treaties and oral accounts of Yan Vyshatich and of other military leaders. Nestor worked at the court of Sviatopolk II of Kiev (ruled 1093–1113) and probably shared Sviatopolk’s pro-Scandinavian policies.

The early part of the Chronicle features many anecdotal stories, among them those of the arrival of the three Varangian brothers, the founding of Kiev, the murder of Askold and Dir, ca. 882, the death of Oleg in 912, the “cause” of which was reported foreseen by him, and the thorough vengeance taken by Olga, the wife of Igor, on the Drevlians, who had murdered her husband. Her actions secured Kievan Rus’ from the Drevlians, preventing her from having to marry a Drevlian prince, and allowing her to act as regent until her young son came of age. The account of the labors of Saints Cyril and Methodius among the Slavic peoples also makes a very interesting tale, and to Nestor we owe the story of the summary way in which Vladimir the Great (ruled 980 to 1015) suppressed the worship of Perun and other traditional gods at Kiev.

Translated and edited by SAMUEL HAZZARD CROSS AND OLGERD P. SHERB O W1TZ-WETZOR 
COPYRIGHT BY THE MEDIAEVAL ACADEMY OF AMERICA CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

These are the narratives of bygone years regarding the origin of the land of Rus’, the first princes of Kiev, and from what source the land of Rus’ had its beginning. Let us accordingly begin this narrative. After the flood, the sons of Noah (Shem, Ham, and Japheth) divided the earth among them. To the lot of Shem fell the Orient, and his share extended lengthwise as far as India and breadthwise (i.e., from east to south ) as far as Rhinocurura, including Persia and Bactria, as well as Syria, Media ( which lies beside the Euphrates River), Babylon, Cordyna, Assyria, Mesopotamia, Arabia the Ancient, Elymais, India, Arabia the Mighty, Coelesyria, Commagene, and all Phoenicia. To the lot of Ham fell the southern region, comprising Egypt, Ethiopia facing toward India, the other (2) Ethiopia out of which the red Ethiopian river flows to the eastward, the Thebaid, Libya as far as Cyrene, Marmaris, Syrtis, and other Libya, Numidia, Massyris, and Maurentania over against Cadiz. Among the regions of the Orient, Ham also received Cilicia, Pamphylia, Mysia, Lycaonia, Phrygia, Ca- malia, Lycia, Car’ta, Lydia, the rest of Moesia, Troas, Aeolia, Bithynia, and ancient Phrygia. He likewise acquired the islands of Sardinia, Crete, and Cyprus, and the river Gihon, called the Nile. (3) To the lot of Japheth fell the northern and the western sections, including Media, Albania, Armenia ( both little and great), Cappadocia, Paphlagonia, Galatia, Colchis, Bosporus, Maeotis, Dervis, Sar- matia, Tauria, Scythia, Thrace, Macedonia, Dalmatia, Molossia, Thes- saly, Locris, Pellene ( which is also called the Peloponnese), Arcadia, Epirus, Illyria, the Slavs, Lychnitis and Adriaca, from which the Adri- atic Sea is named. He received also the islands of Britain, Sicily, Eu- boea, Rhodes, Chios, Lesbos, Cythera, Zacynthus, Cephallenia, Ithaca, and Corcyra, as well as a portion of the land of Asia called Ionia, the river Tigris flowing between the Medes and Babylon / and the territory to the north extending as far as the Pontus and including the Danube, the Dniester, and the Carpathian Mountains, which are called Hungarian, and thence even to the Dnieper. (4) He likewise acquired dominion over other rivers, among them the Desna, the Pripet’, the Dvina, the Volkhov, and the Volga, which flows eastward into the portion of Shem. In the share of Japheth lies Rus’, Chud’, and all the gentiles: Merya, Muroma, Ves’, Mordva, Chud’ beyond the portages, Perm’, Pechera, Yam’, Ugra, Litva, Zimegola, Kors’, Let’gola, and Liv\ The Lyakhs, the Prussians, and Chud’ border on the Varangian Sea. The Varangians dwell on the shores of that same sea, and extend to the eastward as far as the portion of Shem. They likewise live to the west beside this sea as far as the land of the English and the French. For the following nations also are a part of the race of Japheth: the Varangians, the Swedes, the Normans, the Gotlanders, the Russes, the English, the Spaniards, the Italians, the Romans, the Germans, the French, the Venetians, the Genoese, and so on. Their homes are situated in the northwest, and adjoin the Hamitic tribes. (5) Continue reading The Russian Primary Chronicle – Laurentian Text – Until 1075 AD by Nestor

Medieval Armenian Sibylline Traditions comprising the “Defloratio Berosi” of Giovanni Nanni

(Johannes Annius) (§§884-891)

  1. Go to §885, below, >>, for a translation of the Defloratio Berosi, and to §891, below, >>, for the original Latin. The Defloratio Berosi Chaldaica, to give it its full title, was divided into five books. These, according to Nanni’s preface to the Defloratio (fol. CIVb), were addressed in their original form to the Athenians, and were intended to correct perceived errors in their accounts of ancient history. Berossus is known to have been well received by philosophers in Athens towards the end of his life, after he had moved his residence from Babylon to the Aegean island of Cos. (Pliny, Nat Hist. VII. xxxvii [123].) The Defloratio differed in the above respects from the “Babyloniaka” of Berossus, several excerpts of which have been preserved by ancient authors: the “Babyloniaka” was divided into three books, not five, and was dedicated to Antiochus II Theos, the king of Seleucid Babylon when Berossus was still present in that city, before he moved to Cos and was honored at Athens. This is one of the principal reasons why the Defloratio was rejected in the Renaissance: it was presumed it was claiming to be the “Babyloniaka” of Berossus, and it was known from the surviving fragments of the latter that the presumption was mistaken. However, the Hebrew Sibyl known as the “daughter Berossus” may well have drawn on the writings of her priestly “father,” including the sources of the “Babyloniaka,” to compose “Summary Extracts (Defloratio) from Berosus (Berosi),” — as the title of the work should perhaps be translated, — of relevance to the historical inquiries of the Athenians. It was alleged the Hebrew Sibyl was born in Syria of Manasseh (a Hebrew name) by Papilia, a female related to Alexander of Macedon, and that she migrated subsequently to Cumae in Italy. (Vaticinium Sibyllae, MGH SS 22, p. 376.) The Sibylline hypothesis is reasonable: it harmonizes with what we know otherwise of her work. The chief reasons for classing the Defloratio Berosi as a medieval Sibylline fragment are, therefore, as follows:

Continue reading Medieval Armenian Sibylline Traditions comprising the “Defloratio Berosi” of Giovanni Nanni

ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE DEFLORATIO BEROSI CHALDAICA.

884.6. The original Latin of the Defloratio Berosi follows the translation at §891, below, >>. The first section of the translation, through the earlier part of Book Five of the Defloratio, is by Salverté (Essai historique et philosophique sur les noms d’hommes, de peuples et de lieux, E. Salverté, tome II, Paris 1824, p. 369ff.), as translated from French into English by Mordaque, and modified here, on occasion, to correct obvious errors, or to reflect the original better; the remainder of Book Five, left untranslated by Salverté, and therefore also by Mordaque, is my own rendering. The English translation of Salverté by Mordaque is from the “History of the Names of Men, Nations and Places, in their connection with the Progress of Civilization. Translated from the French of Eusebius Salverté by Rev. L. H. Mordaque, M.A., Oxon.,” vol II, London 1864, p. 295ff. Salverté’s translation was of the text of the Defloratio Berosi itself, as transcribed by Nanni from the book obtained in Armenia and given to him in Italy by the monk George. Salverté did not translate Nanni’s commentary on the Defloratio Berosi. The Defloratio Berosi and the accompanying commentary forms Book XV of Nanni’s Antiquitates. Nanni’s extensive commentary is not included in this translation either, except in a few instances, so references in “The Six Days of Creation” to the Defloratio (in the 1512 edition of the Antiquitates in Latin, published by Joannes Paruus and Jodocus Badius), or to other sections of the Antiquitates not found here, can be presumed to be part of the commentary on the Defloratio itself, or to be extracted from other works and/or accompanying commentaries contained in the Antiquitates. My own notes are contained within braces { }.

DEFLORATIO BEROSI CHALDAICA

Complete translation from Latin to English:

  1. “THE FIRST BOOK

Before the well-known disaster by which the whole world perished beneath the waters, many centuries had elapsed, the records of which have been faithfully preserved by our Chaldeans. According to their writings, there lived in those days a race of giants, in a city of great size, called Enos {= Enoch} near Mount Lebanon, which was the seat of empire over the whole world, from the rising of the sun to its setting. Trusting in their strength and colossal size, these giants made themselves weapons, and oppressed their neighbors all around. Wholly given up to a life of indulgence, they invented tents, instruments of music, and everything which contributes to pleasure. Continue reading ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE DEFLORATIO BEROSI CHALDAICA.